Digital Camera Lens Angle of View Calculator & Charts

Here’s a calculator for the angles of view from lenses on digital camera sensors, as well as angle of view charts for common focal lengths. And an explanation of why the diagonal angle of view maters more than you might think.

Wide-Angle Lens converging lines
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Camera Lens Angle of View Calculator

This calculates the angles of view of lenses of a particular focal length when used on digital cameras.

The practical angle of view of a lens varies based on the camera’s sensor size, so I’ve included some of the most common sensor sizes.

Choose the sensor type:

Enter the focal length (in mm):

Angles of View

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In some cases, you might get results that vary ever so slightly from a lens manufacturer’s spec sheets. You can find details below on why.

Why the Diagonal Angle of View Matters for Camera Lenses

When you’re taking photos, the angles of view horizontally or laterally across the frame or vertically up and down the frame are probably the ones you’re most focused on. But it’s actually the diagonal measurement that comes up more often.

When you see that a lens has so-and-so degrees angle of view, it’s actually telling you it’s from one corner to the diagonally opposite corner. It’s not telling you the angle of view from side to side.

That’s because it’s the spec that lens manufacturers include in their spec sheets. So when you see that a lens has so-and-so degrees angle of view, it’s actually telling you it’s from one corner to the diagonally opposite corner. It’s not telling you the angle of view from side to side. In that respect, it’s a bit like the size spec that TV manufacturers use (i.e., a 55-inch TV is 55 inches from one corner to the diagonal corner, not from one side to the other side).

Lens Angles of View Diagram showing diagonal, width, and height

Camera Lens Angle of View Charts

These charts offer an alternative way of visualizing the calculated data above. It might be useful if you’re approaching it from the other direction and trying to find a lens that has a particular visual coverage that you’re after.

The data here is calculated. For more specific data that applies to a particular model of lens, check the manufacturer’s spec sheets for that lens. Sometimes there might be, say, a half degree of variation, but in general, these rounded numbers should get you very close. I’ve compared them with a number of lens spec sheets and found the data here to be quite accurate.

Full-Frame Digital / 35mm SLR

This is for full-frame digital cameras with a sensor that measures 36mm x 24mm, which is the convention for a full-frame sensor. It also applies to SLR cameras using 35mm film.

Lens Focal LengthDiagonallyHorizontallyVertically
12 mm122°113°90°
14 mm114°104°81°
16 mm107°97°74°
18 mm100°90°67°
20 mm94°84°62°
24 mm84°74°53°
28 mm75°65°46°
30 mm72°62°44°
35 mm63°54°38°
40 mm57°48°33°
50 mm47°40°27°
60 mm40°33°23°
70 mm34°29°19°
75 mm32°27°18°
80 mm30°25°17°
85 mm29°24°16°
100 mm24°20°14°
105 mm23°19°13°
110 mm22°19°12°
120 mm20°17°11°
130 mm19°16°11°
150 mm16°14°
175 mm14°12°
180 mm14°11°
200 mm12°10°
210 mm12°10°
250 mm10°
300 mm
400 mm
500 mm
600 mm
800 mm
900 mm
1000 mm

APS-C (Standard)

This is for cameras with a cropped APS-C sensor with standard APS-C dimensions and a crop multiplier of 1.5x.

That includes Nikon’s DX cameras (but it does not include Canon APS-C sensors; see the next table for those).

Lens Focal LengthDiagonallyHorizontallyVertically
12 mm99°89°66°
14 mm90°80°58°
16 mm83°73°52°
18 mm76°66°47°
20 mm70°61°43°
24 mm61°52°36°
28 mm53°46°31°
30 mm50°43°29°
35 mm44°37°25°
40 mm39°33°22°
50 mm32°26°18°
60 mm26°22°15°
70 mm23°19°13°
75 mm21°18°12°
80 mm20°17°11°
85 mm19°16°10°
100 mm16°13°
105 mm15°13°
110 mm15°12°
120 mm13°11°
130 mm12°10°
150 mm11°
175 mm
180 mm
200 mm
210 mm
250 mm
300 mm
400 mm
500 mm
600 mm
800 mm
900 mm
1000 mm

APS-C (Canon)

The reason I’ve singled Canon out as a special case here is that Canon’s APS-C sensors are just a smidgeon smaller than most other APS-C sensors.

They have a crop multiplier of 1.6x.

Lens Focal LengthDiagonallyHorizontallyVertically
12 mm96°86°64°
14 mm88°77°56°
16 mm80°70°50°
18 mm73°64°45°
20 mm68°58°41°
24 mm58°50°34°
28 mm51°43°30°
30 mm48°41°28°
35 mm42°35°24°
40 mm37°31°21°
50 mm30°25°17°
60 mm25°21°14°
70 mm22°18°12°
75 mm20°17°11°
80 mm19°16°11°
85 mm18°15°10°
100 mm15°13°
105 mm15°12°
110 mm14°12°
120 mm13°11°
130 mm12°10°
150 mm10°
175 mm
180 mm
200 mm
210 mm
250 mm
300 mm
400 mm
500 mm
600 mm
800 mm
900 mm
1000 mm

Micro Four Thirds

This is for Micro Four Thirds cameras that use a sensor with a crop multiplier of 2.0x.

Olympus and Panasonic Lumix are the most prominent manufacturers using this sensor format. In practice, there can be very slight variations in the dimensions of the sensors from model to model.

Lens Focal LengthDiagonallyHorizontallyVertically
12 mm84°72°57°
14 mm75°63°50°
16 mm68°57°44°
18 mm62°51°40°
20 mm57°47°36°
24 mm49°40°30°
28 mm42°34°26°
30 mm40°32°24°
35 mm34°28°21°
40 mm30°24°18°
50 mm24°20°15°
60 mm20°16°12°
70 mm18°14°11°
75 mm16°13°10°
80 mm15°12°
85 mm15°12°
100 mm12°10°
105 mm12°
110 mm11°
120 mm10°
130 mm10°
150 mm
175 mm
180 mm
200 mm
210 mm
250 mm
300 mm
400 mm
500 mm
600 mm
800 mm
900 mm
1000 mm

Things Worth Knowing

  • These are close approximates. And deliberately so. The results should be very close to the lab ratings of the camera manufacturers–within a half or one degree, for example–but there are a number of areas where you can find slight variations if you really want to be precise. And that is why I’m rounding the results to the nearest degree. More precision than that can become a distraction here because of the several possible areas of slight variation.
    • Lens designs vary widely, and there’s some wiggle room in assigning a focal length to a lens. It’s often more of a nominal focal length than a precise measure.
    • There might be some manufacturing tolerance in the optical elements. That can be especially true with cheaper lenses or lens adapters.
    • There can be slight variations in the sensor dimensions within the same sensor category.
      • For example, Canon APS-C sensors are a touch smaller than standard APS-C; they have a crop factor of 1.6 vs. the crop factor of 1.5 for standard APS-C (which is why I’ve given them their own selection in the calculator above).
    • And even within the same brand.
      • For example, both the Nikon D5300 and Nikon D3100 have APS-C cropped sensors (or DX, as Nikon calls them). But there are slight differences in the dimensions of their sensors. The sensor for the D5300 measures 23.5 x 15.6 mm, while the sensor for the D3100 measures 23.1 x 15.4 mm. Yes, that’s the tiniest difference. Both are APS-C sensors, and both are considered to have a crop factor of 1.5. But on an ultra-wide-angle lens, even a tiny difference like that can throw off the FOV calculation by a degree or more.
    • There can also be differences in camera specs between the physical size of the sensor and the area of the sensor that’s actively available for image generation.
  • This tool is for rectilinear lenses. The optics work differently in fisheye lenses.

FAQs

Does this angle of view calculator work for zoom lenses?

Yes. You can enter any single, specific focal length along the zoom range. For instance, for a 24-70mm zoom lens, you can enter 55mm to see the angle of view at that point in the zoom range.

David Coleman / Photographer

David Coleman

I'm a professional freelance travel photographer based in Washington DC. Seven continents, up mountains, underwater, and a bunch of places in between. My images have appeared in numerous publications, and you can check out some of my travel photography here. More »

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