Myazedi Stupa

Myazedi Stupa, which translates as "emerald stupa," has an ancient stone tablet that includes the earliest known example of written Burmese language.
Buddha Shrine at Myazedi Pagoda, Myinkaba Village, Myanmar (Burma)
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Myazedi, which translates as “emerald stupa,” is located just north of Myinkaba Village and just south of Old Bagan.

A notable item at the Myazedi stupa is a stone slab with the text in four languages: Pyu, Mon, Pali, and Burmese. It’s the earliest dated example of written Burmese language, dated to 1112 or 1113. Prior to that, the Mon language was used most often for written documents.1 It’s one of a pair, and this one was reconstructed from several large fragments. Its partner slab was better preserved and is now in the museum up the road.

Photos of Myazedi Stupa

Stone Tablet at Myazedi Pagoda, Bagan, Myanmar
The stone tablet with inscribed text, pieced together from several large fragments. Photo © David Coleman /
Visitors in the Rain at Myazedi Pagoda, Myinkaba Village, Myanmar (Burma)
Photo © David Coleman /
Donation Box at Myazedi Pagoda, Myinkaba Village, Myanmar (Burma)
A donation box near the entrance. Photo © David Coleman /

What to Know Before You Go

It’s sometimes referred to as Myazedi Stupa and sometimes as Myazedi Pagoda. You might also see reference to the Mya Zedi Quadrilingual Stone Inscription. That’s the stone tablet in the courtyard.

  1. Donald M. Stadtner, *Ancient Pagan: Buddhist Plain of Merit* (Bangkok: River Books, 2013), pp. 24, 172.

Where to Next?

Travel Advice for Myanmar (Burma)

You can find the latest U.S. Department of State travel advisories and information for Myanmar (Burma) (such as entry visa requirements and vaccination requirements) here.

The British and Australian governments offer their own country-specific travel information. You can find the British Government's travel advice for Myanmar (Burma) here and the Australian Government's here.

Health & Vaccinations

The CDC makes country-specific recommendations for vaccinations and health for travelers. You can find their latest information for Myanmar (Burma) here.

Traveling to Bagan?

Very few of the temples, pagodas, or stupas in the Bagan Archeological Zone have any information about them on site. And with literally thousands of sites to choose from, it's handy to go armed with information on what to see and where to start--especially for independent travelers without a guide.

If you're looking for something that goes beyond the patchy information in the standard guide books, I've found these to be good:

David Raezer and Jennifer Raezer, Myanmar (Burma): Temples of Bagan
Approach Guides, 2017

With maps, diagrams, and pictures, it's pitched as a "travel guidebook for the ultra curious." It offers detailed profiles of 21 of the major sites. It's an especially good option if you traveling with a Kindle, tablet, or smartphone and don't want to take up any space in your luggage or deal with the extra weight of a hard copy.

David M. Stadtner, Ancient Pagan: Buddhist Plain of Merit
Bangkok: River Books, 2013

Written by a former professor of Art History who has authored many books on Indian and Burmese art, this book offers authoritative and detailed information on not just the architecture and art of the temples of Bagan but also the history of the region. It focuses on 33 of the major sites. Its photos by Michael Freeman are a standout feature. It's only available in paperback.

Ma Thanegi, Bagan Mystique
Yangon: Tanintaye Sarpay, 2011

Ma Thanegi is a Burmese writer and journalist. The book doesn't offer the level of detail of the other two and is harder to find in the West, but it still offers useful summaries of a number of the major sites. It's available in paperback only (when you can find it).

Director of Archaeological Survey (Burma), A Pictorial Guide to Pagan
Rangoon: Ministry of Union Culture, 2nd rev. ed. 1963

This is a guide compiled under the auspices of the Burmese government in the mid-1950s and early-1960s. Despite being quite outdated, it has its own value with background on a number of pagodas and temples as well as fascinating historical photos of how the monuments looked in the middle of 20th century--sometimes quite different to how they appear today after being renovated. It's long out of print and hard to find, but I've scanned it and posted it here.

Maps: When you get to Bagan, there are good local maps available for free at the hotels that show many of the major sites.

Guidebooks for Myanmar (Burma)

If you're looking for a guidebook to make the most of your visit, these are some of the most popular ones currently for Myanmar (Burma). Some are available in both paper and e-book formats.

Burma (Myanmar) - FREE Travel Guide & Map
  • ✔ GPS map loads to your smartphone memory - no network access needed once the app is downloaded.
  • ✔ GPS map displays your location along with nearby sights and attractions.
The Rough Guide to Myanmar (Burma) (Travel Guide) (Rough Guides)
20 Reviews
The Rough Guide to Myanmar (Burma) (Travel Guide) (Rough Guides)
  • Guides, Rough (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)

Travel Insurance For Your Trip to Myanmar (Burma)

I never travel without travel insurance, and I've run into several situations where I've had to make claims. I consider it essential.

But shopping for travel insurance can be a pain and confusing. Thankfully, there are some travel insurance comparison sites that show you a wide range of plans, make it easy to compare coverage, and can save you money at the same time. And the coverage can be much better tailored to your specific needs than the checkbox offering at travel booking sites or through your credit card.

These are some good places to shop for travel insurance for your next trip to Myanmar (Burma) :

Hopefully, you won't need it, but if something goes wrong, you'll sure be glad you have it!

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