Pacaya Volcano, Guatemala

ANTIGUA, Guatemala — Just outside Antigua, Pacaya is one of several active volcanos that make up the Central American Volcanic Arc.

Pacaya Volcano Tour Group at Summit
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Filed Under: Guatemala

Oddly enough, the side of an active volcano turns out not to be the safest place to live. The last major eruption of Pacaya Volcano, not far from Guatemala City and Antigua, caused considerable damage to nearby villages and reshaped the summit. It scattered volcanic ash over much of the nearby area, prompting school closings and emergency evacuations and cleared much of the vegetation near the top of the mountain. That May 2010 eruption, though, didn’t convince some of the local hardy souls to move away.

Only about an hour outside Antigua, and not much farther from Guatemala City, Pacaya Volcano is a popular hike for tourists. There are quite a few active volcanos in this neck of the woods; you can see two others from the streets of Antigua. Along with Pacaya, they’re all part of what’s known as the Central American Volcanic Arc.

The top of the mountain is constantly changing, with each episode of volcanic activity changing the shape and nature of the summit. There’s currently no classic crater to peer into, and the nearest you can get to the top is still a few hundred meters below the peak. The gravelly volcanic rock that covers everything up there is warm to the touch, and steam still steeps out steadily. When I went there was no flowing lava around, but it’s an active volcano and things can change quickly, so obviously keep a close eye on conditions and check with local guides before heading off.

Photos of Pacaya Volcano

Pacaya Volcano Solidified Lava Flow
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Summit Terrain
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Red Stones
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Tour Group
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Mists and Clouds
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Tourists Posing for Photos
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Mist and Cloud
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Volcanic Rock and Vegetation
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Hills and Valleys
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Steam and Mists at Summit
Photo © David Coleman /
Pacaya Volcano Summit Steam and Clouds
Photo © David Coleman /

What to Know Before You Go

  • It’s a strenuous hike on uneven and steep trails. Wear good, closed walking shoes with good tread. Sandals or flip-flops will be no good–the fine volcanic gravel and sand will rub and the volcanic rock can be very sharp.
  • The weather at the summit can be quite different than further down the mountain, so be prepared for clouds or rain to roll in very suddenly and for it to be significantly cooler.
  • A flashlight is a good idea, just in case.
  • A walking stick will help–you can rent them from the kids at the trailhead for about 5 quetzals.
  • Take water with you–there’s none available at the summit.
  • Early morning is usually considered the best time to go.
  • Check in with local guides. Conditions can change quickly, and if things go bad they can go very bad.


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David Coleman / Photographer

David Coleman

I'm a freelance travel photographer based in Washington DC. Seven continents, up mountains, underwater, and a bunch of places in between. My images have appeared in numerous publications, and you can check out some of my gear reviews and tips here. More »