At War with the Dust Bunnies: Tips for Changing Lenses on the Go

Dust bunnies, which leave ugly dark spots and marks on your images, are one of the annoyances of digital photography. If you’re changing lenses on the go there are some tricks to minimize them.

Example of dust bunny spots on an image from dust on a DSLR sensor
Text & Photos By David Coleman
Last Revised & Updated:
Filed Under: Tips

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Quick Summary

  • Prevention is key; removing dust spots in post-processing can be time-consuming.
  • Tips for changing lenses:
    1. Start with a clean sensor and make it a habit to clean after each shoot.
    2. Avoid breezy areas and choose less dusty environments.
    3. Ensure the camera end of the lens is clean.
    4. Power off the camera to prevent static charge on the sensor.
    5. Minimize the time the camera body is exposed without a lens.
    6. Use a dust blower, but be cautious as it can sometimes worsen the problem.
    7. Periodically give the sensor a thorough clean or consider professional cleaning.
    8. In emergencies, use a larger aperture to minimize dust visibility on images.

There’s nothing worse than thinking you’ve gotten the shot only to find out when you get home hours, days, or weeks later to process the shots that you have dust bunnies all over the frame. You know, those little gray splodges in the photo. They’re especially noticeable on blue skies, but they can be a problem in the most important parts of the scene.

It’s a lot like getting your negatives home and discovering that the processing lab scratched your negs or used tainted chemicals.

Lightroom and Photoshop both have very useful tools for getting rid of them in post-processing, especially on blue sky or other pretty even colors, but if the dust was over a part of the image that has intricate texture it can be tricky. And it still takes time to manually go in and remove them, especially if you’ve been shooting for timelapse. Try removing dust bunnies from 999 images at once on a part of the frame that’s changing.

Changing Lenses

It’s definitely one of those times that prevention is much better than the cure.

The time that your camera is most vulnerable to dust is when you’re changing lenses (and it follows, of course, that if you never change lenses you’re less likely to run into the problem.) Film SLR’s have an extra barrier between the film and the entryway for dust in addition to the mirror, but that layer isn’t there for a DSLRs where, apart from the mirror, the sensor is basically exposed. Modern zoom lenses are getting pretty good about being flexible enough to leave on for much of the day, but there are still times when you might want to change lenses.

I’ll often have two cameras on me at any given time with different lenses on, but there are times that just cry out for that super fast prime lens for a specific shot–but those lenses are usually less flexible. Which is all to say, there are often compelling reasons to change lenses on the go.

Practical Tips for Changing Lenses While Keeping Out Dust

Dust bunnies can be a problem even with fixed-lens cameras, surprisingly enough. I’ve run into them on Ricoh GR compact cameras. But by far the most common time to have trouble with them is when changing lenses.

Ideally, you’d change lenses in a dust-free, still environment. That might work in a studio; on the road, though, is a different matter. But there are some things you can do to help minimize the problem. They won’t eliminate the problem, but they can help.

  1. Start with a clean sensor. It might seem obvious, but checking and cleaning your camera after each shoot is a good habit to get into. When I’m on the road, I try to make it a nightly chore back at the hotel room along with downloading and backing up my shots from the day’s shooting.
  2. Get out of the breeze. If possible, try to change the lens away from breezes and preferably in an area with as little dust as possible. Indoors is often better than outdoors.
  3. Start with a clean lens. Be sure that the camera end of your lens is clean and free of dust. It’s an easy thing to overlook when you’re focusing more on the camera body.
  4. Power the camera off. When digital cameras are powered on, the sensor maintains a small static charge. That static charge that goes through the sensor attracts dust. And the last thing you need here is to turn your sensor into a dust magnet.
  5. Make it quick. Try to keep to a minimum the time that your camera body doesn’t have a lens on it. The longer it’s exposed, the more chance there is for dust to enter. I like to have the new lens ready to go before taking the old lens off the camera body.
  6. Regular preventive cleaning. A dust blower is a very useful addition to your bag, but I find that using it while out and about can often make the dust problem worse. So I’ll often try to use it back at the hotel at the end of the day rather than trying to use it on the go. Nevertheless, I always try to have one with me, and sometimes it’s the best option to use it while out and about.
  7. Regular thorough cleaning. Periodically give the sensor a more thorough clean. There are a number of options available to do it yourself. It’s careful business; if you’ve got a real problem, send it in for a professional cleaning.
  8. Emergency tip. Sometimes there’s just nothing you can do because conditions are just bad or it would take too long and you’d miss the shot. If you’re really, really stuck with dust on your sensor and no chance in the short term to clean it, you can try using a larger aperture (eg. f/4 or f/2.8 or even faster). That should help minimize the problem on the image. Smaller apertures (eg. f/22 or f/11) tend to be more prone because they have a much greater depth of field. It’s not at all foolproof, but it can certainly help.

With a little luck, making these a matter of habit should help stop those pesky dust bunnies from breeding like, well, you know.

Profile photo of David Coleman | Have Camera Will Travel | Washington DC-based Professional Photographer

Text & Photos by David Coleman

I'm a professional photographer based in Washington DC. Seven continents, up mountains, underwater, and a bunch of places in between. I've been shooting for 30+ years, and my my photos and time-lapse videos have appeared in a bunch of different publications from major newspapers to magazines and books, billboards, TV shows, professional sports stadiums, museums, and even massive architectural scrims covering world-famous buildings while they're being renovated. You can see some of my travel photography here and here.

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