If you shoot with a digital camera, the odds are good that sooner or later you’ll run into a situation where you’ve accidentally deleted some photos or videos that you actually wanted to keep. It’s just one of those occupational hazards of digital photography.
The good news is that it’s often not only possible to recover data, but also surprisingly straightforward to do. There’s a whole category of software designed specifically for the purpose. And while there’s no guarantee that you can recover the data you want in every situation, it is possible surprisingly often.
I’ve written before about how to recover deleted photos from an SD card. That covered in detail the various options available, including paid software and paid data recovery services.
Here, I’m focusing more closely on free alternatives.
In most cases, paid data recovery software provides the most user-friendly and comprehensive data recovery. But there are some free options available, especially if you only need to recover a relatively small amount of data.
And while I’m focusing mainly on SD cards, the same methods and principles apply to other types of memory cards.
Free vs “Free”
Only a couple of the options here are what I’d call completely free: PhotoRec and Windows File Recovery. Both are powerful and useful, and importantly there are no limits on how much data you can recover with them. But the catch is that they’re also the least user-friendly options. They use command-line interfaces, not graphical interfaces, so you need to be comfortable working in terminal windows. And that’s not for everyone.
There are other options here that are much more user-friendly. And while they still qualify as “free,” that comes with limits. In most cases, that means that there’s a limited amount of data you can recover with them before you need to purchase a license. That might be 500MB or 2GB. That’s plenty if you only need to recover a relatively small number of photos, but it’s often not enough if you have to recover photos from a whole trip or video files. With these apps, you can buy a license that will lift that restriction.
There’s a third sub-category that I have not included here. That’s software where it’s free to scan the SD card to find what can be recovered but that doesn’t actually include any data recovery for free–for that, you’d need to buy a license. Those can still be good software apps, but I consider it a stretch to call those free. That’s why I’ve not included those here.
So, with that said, here’s a rundown of the best free software for recovering deleted photos and videos from SD cards (or hard drives or microSD cards or many other types of digital media).
Free Data Recovery Software: Unlimited & Completely Free
PhotoRec is thorough and powerful. There are no limits on how much data you can recover. Having used it many times over a number of years, it hasn’t failed me yet. To my mind, it’s the best free software to recover deleted photos from an SD card. But it comes with an important qualification.
That’s because it’s a command-line app that doesn’t have a graphical user interface. If you’re comfortable working with command-line tools, I highly recommend PhotoRec. And if you’re not and find command-line tools intimidating, I’ve put together a detailed guide to using PhotoRec that walks you through the basics.
One very useful aspect of PhotoRec is that it ignores the filesystem on the SD card. What that means in practice is that even if the SD card won’t mount on your operating system and won’t show up in Finder or Explorer, there’s still a good chance that you can scan it and recover from it.
PhotoRec is completely free and open-source. You can download it here. There are versions for Windows, Mac, and Linux (as well as a bunch of others operating systems).
Windows File Recovery
Windows File Recovery is a Windows-only app. Again, it’s a command-line utility that doesn’t include a graphical user interface.
The current version works on Windows 10 2004 and above.
Free Data Recovery Software: Free, But with Limits
There are many paid software alternatives for data recovery. While these work in fundamentally the same way under the hood, they also add much more user-friendly interfaces. They can also help you target specific file types and also provide preview images, features that help you speed up the recovery process because you can zero in on just the images or video you want to recover.
The catch with these is that they are free up to a point. And that point typically comes in the form of a limit on the amount of data you can recover for free. To recover more, you’ll need to pay for a license to unlock the full version of the software.
The data limits work fine if you’re recovering the occasional photo, or even a few dozen photos. But if you’re recovering video files or whole memory cards, you’re going to run into the data limits quickly.
A good way to use these apps is to start with the free version to scan the card. That will tell you what the software is able to recover. If the photos or videos you want don’t show up in the scan, there’s no point forking out for a paid license. But if the scan does show the files you want, you can then decide whether to buy a license to actually recover the files.
EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard
EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard features a clean and user-friendly interface and provides a guided workflow.
It’s possible to recover up to 2GB of data with the free version. For more than that, you’ll need to buy a license. But the 2GB is higher than some of the other apps here, which is why I’ve included it first.
There are versions for Windows and Mac.
Disk Drill is a full-featured data recovery app that can recover photos and videos along with just about any other kind of file format. So it’s a handy app to have available in other situations, not just when you need to recover SD card photos.
It also has a free mode. With that, you can recover up to 500MB of data.
Disk Drill is among the best overall data recovery apps, and the licensed version is one of my go-to data recovery apps. It’s powerful and has a number of very useful extra tools built-in, including features for data recovery from mobile devices. But that extra functionality also means that its interface is a little more cluttered and busy than EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard.
The reason I’ve bumped it down this list is that it only lets you recover 500MB of data in the free version, which is lower than some of the other apps here.
For recovering more data than that, you’ll need to upgrade to the licensed version. (If you’re using a Mac, see below on a great alternate way to get a full license.)
It’s available for Windows and Mac. If you decide to buy a license to run the recovery operation, you can get 10% off with the coupon code HAVECAMERA at checkout.
If you’re using Mac, there’s another great way to get a fully licensed version of Disk Drill. It’s included as part of the Setapp subscription, where you get a large number of really great Mac apps for a monthly subscription fee. I’m a paying subscriber to Setapp myself and find it to be a really great way to get many of the apps I was already using but was paying and upgrading individual licenses. Setapp has a free 7-day trial and is then $9.99/month (you have access to a full version of Disk Drill during the Setapp trial).
There are plenty of other data recovery apps available. While some offer a so-called “free” version, that’s often only to run a scan and doesn’t let you actually recover any data with the free version. So it’s worth checking what is actually included in the free version. The apps I’m focusing on here allow at least some data recovery without paying for a licensed version.
How to Format SD Cards Safely
The best practice for formatting memory cards is to do it in the camera and do it regularly. That helps to keep the card’s filesystem healthy to avoid data corruption from happening and sets up any files or folders that the camera might need and expect. It’s not a perfect guarantee against data loss, nor does it ensure that you can recover deleted data, but it’s an easy precaution that helps.
It is, of course, also possible to format cards using a computer. If you’re using an SD or microSD card, a good, free, and pretty much foolproof option is to use the SD Card Formatter app that is put out by the SD Association. I have a guide to using SD Card Formatter here.
You can also use your operating system’s built-in data formatting tools, although, with those, you’ll often have to make sure to pick the correct option among several.
Tips for Keeping SD Cards Healthy
Memory cards are pretty resilient, but there are some precautions you can take that can save a lot of headaches.
- Always format the card in the camera. Format the card regularly.
- Never remove the card while data is being transferred.
- Turn the camera off before removing the card.
- Have a backup card handy, just in case.