Fastest SD Card Rankings as of October 2018
These are the current top 5 fastest SD cards according to my independent speed tests of sequential write speed:
- ProGrade UHS-II V90
- Sony SF-G UHS-II U3
- Lexar Professional 2000x UHS-II U3
- Toshiba Exceria Pro UHS-II U3
- SanDisk Extreme PRO UHS-II U3
The Current Top 5 in Detail
Here's some more information on each of the fastest SD cards I've tested.
ProGrade UHS-II V90
ProGrade is a relatively new player in memory cards, and I hadn't heard of them until being tipped off by a reader. But it has been created by a team with incredibly deep experience in the industry. They're focusing on the high end of the market with an emphasis on cards geared towards the top-shelf cameras and professional use. This was the first of their cards I tested, and it immediately jumped to the top spot and exceeded the advertised speeds in both reading and writing. ProGrade doesn't have the marketing budget of the big brands, the cards come in barebones packaging, and they aren't all that well known yet, but based on the performance of this card I'm looking forward to seeing what they can do. This is now the card I'm using in my primary camera.
This card is the one with the V90 rating, and it's available in 64GB, 128GB, and 256GB versions. There's also a V60 version which isn't quite as quick as this one but still has very high performance.
Sony SF-G UHS-II U3
This card from Sony held the top spot in my speed tests for quite some time but has recently been bumped down. It's rated for 299MB/s sequential write and 300MB/s sequential read, and its speed in my tests was top rate. It comes in 32GB, 64GB, and 128GB versions. Sony also has its M-series, which are a little slower but still good cards.
It comes with a link to file recovery software and a 5-year limited warranty. It doesn't come with a card reader.
Lexar Professional 2000x UHS-II U3
With UHS-II and a speed class of U3, Lexar rates this one for a read speed of up to 300 MB/s (or 2000x) but, as usual, doesn't publish a write speed other than "write speeds slower." But this card boasts impressive sequential write speed as well and is currently the fastest SD card I've tested. I was able to get over 241 MB/s of sustained write speed out of it. It's in the Lexar Professional line and comes in 32GB, 64GB, and 128GB versions.
This one also comes with its own USB 3.0 card reader, which happens to be the fastest SD reader I've come across yet.
Toshiba Exceria Pro UHS-II U3
Toshiba isn't often one of the first brands that come to mind with memory cards, but they've had some impressive cards in their Exceria Pro line for a while. Performance-wise, I found this card to be very close to the Lexar 2000x. But it falls short regarding value--it's consistently significantly more expensive than some of the other lines. It comes in 16GB, 32GB, 64GB, and 128GB versions.
Find them at: Amazon
SanDisk Extreme PRO UHS-II U3
The SanDisk Extreme Pro badge is for SanDisk's top-of-the-line range. These are reliably solid performers from a top-notch flash memory brand. So they're a good option. It comes in 16GB, 32GB, and 64GB versions.
Does the Speed of SD Cards Matter?
The newest cameras that are coming out have capabilities that can demand a lot from the memory card. Cameras like the new Panasonic GH5 that can record at very high bitrates, and others that also shoot at 4K and even 8K and have very fast framerates, all require a fast memory card to keep up with the amount of data the camera is sending to it.
To find out whether the memory card is up to the challenge, you need to look further, to the read and write speeds. For recording video and photos in burst mode, the most important measure is a card's sequential write speed. That tells you how fast you can get data on to the card. It's often not as clear as it could be, because the marketing departments often use the figure for the sequential read speed because that number is often higher and more impressive sounding. But the read speed tells you how fast you can get data off the card, and that's much less relevant when choosing a memory card that can keep up with the camera's recording capabilities. So in ranking the cards here, I'm focusing on the sequential write speeds and basing them on my own tests. (If you happen to be used the SD cards in a device that runs apps, like a gaming device, the random read/write speed is more important; see the section below about the A rating.)
But it's not always true that the fastest card is necessarily the best card for what you need. Price and availability matter too. And then there's the important issue of whether your camera can take full advantage of the card's speed. In most cases, you can safely put a very fast card in a slower camera, but it doesn't always work that you'll get much benefit from the fastest card in the camera. It depends on what you're putting it in. To take advantage of what UHS-II cards can do, for instance, you'll need a camera or reader that's compatible with UHS-II. If it's not, the card will still work--they're designed to be backward compatible in nearly all cases--but you won't get the highest speeds the card is capable of. One place you might see some benefit, though, is when you go to download the photos from the card to your computer using a card reader.
Detailed SD Speed Test Results
These are sorted by default by descending sequential write speed, but you can click on the column headers to sort by other criteria or use the search bar to filter by brand, etc. You can also scroll the table right to get the other columns.
|Brand||Model #||Class||UHS||Tested Write / Seq||Tested Read / Seq||Tested Read / But||Tested Write / Ran||Rated Read MB/s||Rated Write MB/s|
|Lexar||Professional 2000x LSD32GCRBNA2000R||U3||UHS-II||241.4||278.0||248.3||180.5||300||-|
|Toshiba||Exceria Pro N101||U3||UHS-II||231.7||254.4||236.9||231.7||141.5|
|SanDisk||Extreme Pro SDSDXP||U3||UHS-II||196.8||257.7||222.7||7.2||280||250|
|SanDisk||Extreme Pro (SDSDXPK)||U3||UHS-II||105.6||230.0||184.0||25.8||300||260|
|SanDisk||SanDisk Extreme Pro (SDSDXXG)||U3||UHS-I||90.5||98.8||88.5||78.5||95||90|
|SanDisk||Extreme Pro SDSDXPA||U3||UHS-I||89.2||94.5||85.3||77.2||95||90|
|Lexar||Professional 1000x LSD32GCRBNA1000||U3||UHS-II||82.2||156.3||141.6||58.2||150||-|
|SanDisk||Extreme PLUS SDSDXSF||U3||UHS-I||64.6||88.7||85.6||59.6||90||60|
|PNY||Elite Performance P-SDX128U395-GE||U3||UHS-I||51.5||95.2||90.2||32.6||95||-|
|Lexar||Professional 633x LSD64GCBNL633||U3||UHS-I||40.1||79.4||75.7||24.2||95||-|
This obviously doesn't include every SD card available. It's a growing list that's a work-in-progress, and I'm adding new cards as I get the opportunity to test them. I'm putting the priority on cards that are readily available and from major manufacturers.
Real-World Speed Tests
In conducting these tests, my objective is to test the performance that we can realistically expect using off-the-shelf hardware.
There are two things I am not trying to do. I'm not trying to replicate the manufacturers' lab tests. And I'm not trying to play gotcha and test whether the speed ratings the manufacturers claim are accurate. There are, after all, several things that can affect the speeds you can get out of cards in practice.
What I am trying to do is find out which cards perform best in real-world conditions and how they compare relative to each other. Because those are the things that matter to me when I'm trying to decide which card to buy. In short, I'm looking for practical speeds, not theoretical speeds.
So I'm using a real-world computer setup, not some high-end custom rig optimized to squeeze every last bit of bus transfer speed but not much good for actually processing photos and videos. There are dedicated hardware devices that exist only to test the speed of memory cards. Those are ridiculously expensive and not useful for any other purpose. Instead, I'm using readily available standard hardware that photographers might have on hand.
For the reader, I'm using a Lexar Professional Workflow SR2 over USB 3.0. It's UHS-II compatible. Technically, it's not the fastest SD reader I have. That spot currently belongs to the reader that comes included with the Lexar 2000x card, but for now the only way to get that reader is to buy that card, so I don't see that as a practical, real-world option for the testing.
For the software, I'm using the benchmarking suite in Digital Media Doctor by LC-Technology. All cards were new or near-new and freshly formatted. Results can vary between each test. So I'm running each set of tests three times and averaging the results.
For the computer, I'm using an iMac Retina 5K late-2014 with an internal SSD. There are faster, more powerful computers that might squeeze out higher transfer rates, but this provides a useful real-world platform that is widely used and available.
The Notes / Definitions
All speed ratings I'm using here are in MB/s (megabytes per second), which is not to be confused with Mb/s (megabits per second). The measure of megabits per second is more commonly used by cameras and in recording video. There are 8 bits in a byte, so to get from megabits per second to megabytes per second you multiply by 8. So 80MB/s is the same as 640Mb/s. Here's a handy conversion calculator.
X Rating vs MB/s. Some manufacturers use a more cryptic x rating in place of MB/s. Lexar, in particular, has long used this system. It comes from the old way of measuring the speed of CD-ROM drives when the standard speed of a CD-ROM drive was 150KB/s. Each x, therefore, equals 150KB/s.
Here's a quick cheat sheet for converting some of the common x ratings to MB/s:
SDHC vs SDXC
SDHC (Secure Digital High Capacity) is a design specification that refers to SD cards that are between 4GB and 32GB in capacity and formatted with the FAT32 filesystem. FAT32 supports individual files up to a maximum of 4GB.
SDXC (Secure Digital eXtended Capacity) refers to SD cards with a capacity larger than 32GB. They're formatted in the exFAT filesystem.
SD cards are given a speed class rating that refers to its category for writing data, with each category describing a real-world video recording use. These apply the same to SDHC and SDXC cards.
V90. The V-class is a new designation created to designate cards that are designed to work with the speeds required for 4K video and faster. The SD Association added some lower numbers to make them backward compatible with the older class designations (e.g. Class 10 and Class 6), but the most important ones are V30 and above.
Memory cards in the V90 class are rated to support a minimum sequential write speed of 90MB/sec. Their primary market is for cameras that shoot 8K video, and for now, those are pretty rare, but the class provides room to grow, as it were.
V60 is applied to cards that support a minimum sequential write speed of 60MB/sec. They're aimed primarily at cameras that record 4K video. Some of the newer cameras that record with ultra-high bitrates, like the Panasonic GH5, require V60 or above. With other 4K cameras that record at lower bitrates, you might get away with a V30 card.
V30 is applied to cards that support a minimum sequential write speed of 30MB/sec. These are designed to support at least full HD video and some 4K video cameras.
U3 is designed to support 4K video recording at a sustained video capture rate of 30MB/s. This class overlaps with the newer V30 class.
U1 is designed to support real-time broadcasts and HD video (720p and 1080p) with a minimum serial write speed of 10 MB/s. This overlaps with the newer V10 class.
Class 10 is designed to support 1080p recording at a minimum (but again, not at all framerates) with a minimum serial write speed of 10 MB/s.
Classes 2, 4, and 6. Class 2 supports SD video recording with a minimum serial write speed of 2 MB/s. Classes 4 and 6 are designed to support from 720p and 1080p video (but not all framerates) with a minimum serial write speed of 4 MB/s and 6 MB/s respectively. Most newer cameras need cards faster than these, so memory cards in these speed classes aren't as commonly available now.
For practical purposes, the most common currently are Class 10, U1, and U3, with U3 being the current fastest class. It is technically still possible to find older, slower cards that are class 2, 4, or 6, but most modern cameras are likely to work better with at least class 10 cards, especially for recording video.
What is the A Rating (e.g. A1 and A2)?
You might have seen an A1 and A2 ratings on some of the new cards and wondered what that is. The A1 and A2 ratings are part of a new type of speed specification that's relevant for running apps from the memory card. The A rating is a separate specification, not one in the same sequence. So it’s possible for a card to have both A1 and V30 ratings, for example.
Up to this point, the primary market for memory cards has been for storing media like videos or photos. But increasingly, devices can run apps directly from a memory card. And that requires a different type of interaction with the space on the memory card--specifically, random read and write speeds and small chunks of data are placed wherever on the card there's space for them.
So the new A specification (for App Performance) incorporates the random read/write speed. If you're buying a memory card for a camera, it's not especially relevant because what's requires on those is sequential speed. So if you’re recording video (or shooting photos), the speed classes you want to look for are the ones starting with V (e.g. V30 or V60) or U (U1 or U3). But if you're buying a memory card for a gaming device or smartphone or some other kind of device that runs apps and uses SD or microSD memory cards, the A rating is designed as a guide for what cards are best suited to that kind of use.
UHS-I vs UHS-II
Newer SDHC and SDXC cards have a feature called ultra high-speed bus, which refers to the interface. So far, there is UHS-I and UHS-II. UHS-II is the newer, and potentially faster, system but adoption is still not widespread. And a UHS-II isn't necessarily guaranteed to be faster than every UHS-I card in practice, as you can see from the test results above.
The product labeling for cards with this technology will have either UHS-I or UHS-II, or sometimes just I or II. Technically, it should be Roman numerals, but you'll sometimes see it listed with a number 1, like UHS-1, even by some manufacturers.
You can also tell them apart by looking at the cards themselves. UHS-I cards have a single row of pins on the back. UHS-II have two rows. In this example, both of these are SanDisk Extreme Pro cards, just different generations.
But it's important to note that taking advantage of the potential speed increases of UHS-II requires that both the card and the host (e.g. card reader or camera) support it. Putting a UHS-II card in a camera or host that only supports UHS-I will result in it falling back to UHS-I speeds. Ditto on putting a UHS-I card in a UHS-II-enabled device.
SD vs microSD vs CompactFlash vs CFAST 2.0 vs XQD 2.0
Some cameras come with multiple memory card slots so you can choose which to use (or use both).
The speed of SD cards has come along in leaps and bounds in the past few years. At the moment, the fastest SD cards are faster than the fastest microSD cards, faster than the fastest CompactFlash cards*, and slower than CFAST 2.0 and XQD 2.0 cards.
*This is true of the cards themselves, but some devices can read much more quickly from CompactFlash slots than SD slots.
- There are counterfeit memory cards in the marketplace, especially when you're buying online. Buying from a reputable retailer helps minimize the risk of getting a fake.
- Memory cards are complicated electronic products. A small percentage of electronic products end up being faulty from the manufacturing process. So it’s good practice to test your card before using it in a mission-critical application. Better yet, have spare/s as backup.
- SD cards are remarkably resilient, but they’re not unbreakable. And they're not designed for long-term archival storage of photos and video. It’s good practice to download the data as soon as practical and get it backed up securely.
- Format the card in the camera rather than with your computer. It reduces the risk of formatting problems.
Images and product information from Amazon Product Advertising API were last updated on 2018-10-17 at 10:27.